Automatic mode: Auto mode tells your camera to use it’s best judgement to select the shutter speed, aperture, ISO, focus and flash, and white balance. This mode will give you nice results in many shooting conditions
Portrait mode: In this mode, your camera will automatically select a large aperture which helps to keep your background out of focus making sure your subject is the center of attention.
Marco mode: Allows you to move closer into your subject to take a close up picture. It’s great for shooting small objects.
Landscape mode: It sets the camera with a small aperture to make sure that your photograph will be in focus as possible.
Sports mode: Photographs moving objects like people playing sports, cars, pets or wildlife.
Night mode: For shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a long shutter speed to help capture details of the background.
Movie mode: Extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones.
Aperture priority mode: Semi-automatic mode where you can choose the aperture and where your camera chooses the other settings to ensure you have a well-balanced exposure.
Shutter priority mode: Very similar to aperture priority mode but this mode is where you select a shutter speed, and the camera chooses all of the other settings.
Program mode: Some cameras have this priority mode in addition to auto mode. Program mode just gives you a little more control over some other features including flash, white balance & ISO.
Manual mode: You have full control over your camera and need to think about al settings including shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, and flash. It gives you the flexibility to set your shots up as you wish.